Extracted and alternative raw materials
Cement production consumes significant amount of raw materials, like limestone, clay, marl, sand, iron oxide, bauxite. Raw material conservation is part of TITAN’s determination to work towards sustainability. Investing in the use of alternative raw materials can serve this need in two ways, firstly, by reducing the consumption of extracted raw materials and secondly, by reducing the amounts of by-products that had to be landfilled, giving the society win-win solutions.
In 2011, the Group used 18.6 million tons (dry basis) of raw materials for cement production. Approximately 6.6% of all raw materials (about 1.2 million tons - dry basis) were alternative raw materials, namely by-products and waste disposals from other industries such as fly ash, pyrite ash, blast furnace slag and industrial gypsum. The remaining 17.4 million tons (dry basis) were natural materials from mining and quarrying activities.
Compared to 2010, the consumption of alternative raw materials, as quantity as well as percentage of the total raw material consumed, has been improved due to the effort made to increase such use by most of the Group’s facilities. More specific, last year the quantity of alternative raw materials used was increased by almost 8%, while in respect to 2003 the relevant increase was almost 34%.